Ethical hacking is the process of gaining access to the computer network of an organization legally in order to test the security of that network. Businesses may hire ethical hackers to discover ways to improve and safeguard their computers. If you are a problem-solver and possess information technology (IT) abilities, you may want to explore a career in ethical hackers.
This article will discuss the ethics of ethical hacking, its advantages and rules, the difference between malicious and ethical hacking, and the essential abilities needed for the job.
What is ethical hacking?
Ethical hacking is an approved attempt to gain access to the computer system, application, or data in a way that is not authorized. Hackers using ethical methods employ the same techniques and strategies that hackers use to circumvent IT security systems for illicit motives.
The goal of ethical hacking lies in finding security weaknesses and addressing the issues prior to a malicious hacker using them to cause harm to an organization.
An ethical hacker’s duties include:
- The scope and objectives of their work: Before embarking on an ethical hacking process, ethical hackers typically meet with the client to discuss their goals. They are able to determine whether their task includes the entire company’s computer network or just specific applications, services operating systems, or mobile devices.
- Collecting information about the subject: Once they’ve identified the goal and their intended target, ethical hackers generally begin gathering as much information as they can on the systems they intend to target.
- Exploiting computers or programs: The most crucial part of the job of an ethical hacker is figuring out ways to gain access to targeted systems.
- Recording the actions of hackers: Following an unsuccessful attempt to evade security measures, ethical hackers record their actions, conclusions, and conclusions. This allows clients to read the information and improve the level of IT protection.
Ethics of Hacking
The fundamental ethics of Ethical hacking are:
- Obtain permission. Before you try to hack an organization’s computer networks, request their consent in writing.
- Do your job ethically. Ethics generally means being professional and only doing what you and your company have agreed on.
- Maintain complete documents. Maintaining detailed records is beneficial both for yourself and the client. It also demonstrates your professionalism.
- Do no harm. The actions of an ethical hacker could be a security risk; therefore, you should be aware of the possibility of unforeseeable security issues.
- Respect the privacy of other people. Hacking into computers could allow you to access sensitive personal information that you’re obliged to keep confidential.
- Utilize a scientific approach. Employ empirical methods, like observation and experimentation with quantifiable goals and repeatable and consistent tests.
Ethical Hacking vs. Black Hat Hacking
The main difference between ethical hacking and malicious hacking is their motives. The goals of ethical hackers are:
- To enhance the security framework of a computer system
- to develop programs and security tools.
- To test security software for possible vulnerabilities.
Malicious hackers’ main goals are:
- To obtain potentially valuable information from multiple or one users
- To make money and other important items
- To get access to licensed free materials like movies and music
- To obtain sensitive information from state-owned organizations, such as the federal government or the military
Ethical Hacking Benefits: The benefits of hacking lagally
The advantages of ethical hacking are:
- Hackers who are ethical help companies create systems that are better equipped to deter attacks on their systems that are malicious.
- They aid state institutions to combat international threats, like cyberterrorism and security breaches that affect national security.
- Hackers with ethical values help banks and financial institutions safeguard their customers’ funds.
- They aid cybersecurity organizations in creating ways to stop cybercrime by disclosing new hacking techniques and attacks.
Ethical Hacker Skills
The most valuable techniques for ethical hackers are:
- Computer skills: Comprehensive knowledge about and proficiency with computers and technologies are essential prerequisites of ethical hackers. They have basic computer skills, including presentation-making, data processing, and management of files on computers, in addition to advanced abilities in fields like computer programming, management of databases, and spreadsheet calculations.
- Networking: Ethical Hackers know the ways that devices communicate with one of their counterparts and the methods through which they transfer and receive information. These skills enable ethical hackers to comprehend the ways that malicious hackers can take advantage of the weaknesses in computers.
- Ethical hackers generally have advanced computer skills in order to analyze the source code of computer programs and identify their weaknesses. Hackers break through one of the primary methods of a security system trying to hack into their targeted website or software application, database, or information technology system.
- Hardware knowledge in computers: The hardware of a computer is its physical components that include the CPU and motherboard. Ethical hackers have a fundamental knowledge of how hardware components function, so they are able to stop malicious hackers from taking over the organization’s hardware.
- Database: Certain malicious hackers attempt to hack into organizations’ databases to gain access to the sensitive or valuable information stored in them. Ethical hackers are knowledgeable of the workings of databases, so they are able to identify ways to stop their being targeted by hackers.
- Problem-solving: Hackers with ethical backgrounds typically have innate problem-solving skills. Since their job is about identifying issues that could be present and creating strategies to solve or prevent problems, being able to solve them is typically essential for an ethical hacker to be successful.
- Written communication: After discovering security breaches in various security systems, ethical hackers typically report the findings of their investigations to their clients. The most successful ethical hackers are able to clearly and effectively detail what they found, how it happened, and what they propose to prevent it from happening again in the future.
- Cryptography: Ethics-based hackers ensure that no one hacks the communication networks of an organization. They ensure that messages remain confidential by practicing cryptography, which can transform textual speech into a non-readable format when sending it via one medium to the next and transform it back into a readable format when its intended recipient receives it.